The easiest solution for goose problems is not to have one in the first place. Never feed the geese. Never. Geese have a remarkably fast learning curve when it comes to free handouts. Subdivision retention ponds are all ready well suited to the needs of geese, one free meal maybe all it takes. There are several ways to discourage geese once they have established themselves.
Planting a ring of tall thick plants around the body of water will help. Our native Illinois prairie and marginal plants work well. The theory behind this is that it makes it more difficult for the geese to walk onto the lawn, not only as a physical barrier but also as a place predators could be hiding. Geese would prefer to land on the water and then swim to shore and walk out of the water safely. Suburban landscaping with lawn turf reaching to the edge of the water is ideal for geese. With easy access to land and nothing to conceal predators it is no wonder the problem exists.
Geese do not like to be upset. It does not take much to get them nervous. Certain breeds of dogs love to chase geese either on land or through the water. Loud noise close to them and an appearance of a threat works well to. Loud noise alone won't work for long, they will acclimate to it, but loud noise and movement such as a person walking and banging two pots together will work well. These tactics work best in the spring when the geese are wanting to nest.
There are a handful of products out that you can spray on your lawn to repel geese. They of course lose their effectiveness when it rains or the lawn is watered.
Can be effective for keeping geese off of lawns. Consists of stakes around the pond strung horizontally with string. Makes it difficult for the geese to exit the water. I don't recommend this approach due to possible liability concerns. You would be placing a tripwire at the edge of the pond. Ideally the stakes would be 2 to 3 feet out into the water away from shore. This is safer but needs more maintenance that is more difficult to do.
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